Consistent estimation of randomly sampled Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process long-run mean for long-term target state prediction
In this letter, we study the problem of estimating the long-run mean of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) stochastic process and its effect on the long-term prediction of future vessel states, which is a crucial problem for Maritime Situational Awareness (MSA). We employ a sample mean estimator (SME) to estimate the key OU parameter from the observations, computing the closedform SME covariance error in both the random and constant sampling time regimes, providing a fundamental building block of the overall long-term state prediction covariance. We show also that the SME is: vn-consistent when the sampling time is random; asymptotically efficient when the sampling time is constant; and very close to the Cramer-Rao lower bound in the cases of practical interest for MSA.
SourceIn: IEEE Signal Processing Letters, volume: 23, issue: 11, November 2016, pp. 1562-1566, doi: 10.1109/LSP.2016.2605705
Willett, Peter K.