Continuous active sonars for littoral undersea surveillance
Recent advances in transducer and computing technology have pushed the concept of continuous active sonar (CAS) or high duty cycle sonar as an area of interest for application to antisubmarine warfare. Unlike conventional pulsed active sonars, CAS processing aims at detecting echoes while transmitting with a nearly 100% duty cycle. This paper describes the signal processing chain developed at the Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE), La Spezia, Italy, for real-time CAS processing within an autonomous networked multistatic sonar system. The algorithm uses subband processing, which can potentially provide a higher target update rate than the traditional pulsed active sonar, while maintaining the same search radius. The higher rate of contact information can improve target tracking performance. Performance results are given from the COLLAB-NGAS14 sea trial where the CAS processor was deployed on two autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) acting as receivers of the CMRE experimental multistatic demonstrator. Results show the feasibility of the CAS concept in littoral scenarios, using AUVs as real-time receivers.
SourceIn: IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering (Early Access), July 2018, pp. 1-15, doi: 10.1109/JOE.2018.2850578
LePage, Kevin D.