Collaborative hybrid ARQ for CDMA-based reliable underwater acoustic communications
Achieving high throughput and reliability in underwater acoustic networks is a challenging task due to the bandwidth-limited and unpredictable nature of the channel. In a multi-node structure, such as in the Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT), the efficiency of links varies dynamically because of the channel variations. When the channel is not in good condition, e.g., when in deep fade, channel-coding techniques fail to deliver the required information even with multiple rounds of retransmissions. An efficient and agile collaborative strategy among the nodes is required to assign appropriate resources to each link based on their status and capability. Hence, a cross-layer collaborative strategy is introduced to increase the throughput of the network by allocating unequal share of system resources to different nodes/links. The proposed solution adjusts the physical- and link-layer parameters in a collaborative manner for a Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)-based underwater network. An adaptive Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) solution is employed to guarantee reliable communications against errors in poor communication links. Results are being validated using data collected from the LOON underwater testbed, which is hosted by the NATO STO Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE) in La Spezia, Italy.
SourceIn: 2018 Fourth Underwater Communications and Networking Conference (UComms), Lerici, Italy, 28-30 August 2018, doi: 10.1109/UComms.2018.8493231