Intensity-range relations for shallow-water sound propagation
Convincing experimental evidence is presented to show that various "decay laws" for the decrease of sound intensity with increasing range can give high-quality representation for shallow water data. However, while a sequence of decay laws may fit data well and are simple, the transition ranges for changeover from one law to another can show a complicated dependence on frequency and environmental parameters. Transition ranges are probably no easier to predict or model than is the transmission loss itself.
SourceIn: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, vol. 59, no. 2, February 1976, pp. 305-311.
Olesen, Ole V.